The latter built the second pyramid and (in traditional thinking) the Sphinx in Giza.
Recent reexamination of evidence has led Egyptologist Vassil Dobrev to propose that the Sphinx had been built by Djedefra as a monument to his father Khufu.
Egyptians in this era worshipped their Pharaoh as a god, believing that he ensured the annual flooding of the Nile that was necessary for their crops.
Egyptian views on the nature of time during this period held that the universe worked in cycles, and the Pharaoh on earth worked to ensure the stability of those cycles.
Alternatively, the Sphinx has been proposed to be the work of Khafra and Khufu himself.
There were military expeditions into Canaan and Nubia, with Egyptian influence reaching up the Nile into what is today the Sudan.
They also perceived themselves as a specially selected people.
The Old Kingdom and its royal power reached a zenith under the Fourth Dynasty (2613–2494 BC), which began with Sneferu (2613–2589 BC).
For this reason, the Old Kingdom is frequently referred to as "the Age of the Pyramids." The first Pharaoh of the Old Kingdom was Djoser (sometime between 26 BC) of the third dynasty, who ordered the construction of a pyramid (the Step Pyramid) in Memphis' necropolis, Saqqara.The pyramid is said to date to the 13th Dynasty, about 3,700 years ago.Egyptian police are using Grindr and other dating apps to find and arrest members of the country's LGBT community, reports suggest.It was in this era that formerly independent ancient Egyptian states became known as nomes, under the rule of the Pharaoh.The former rulers were forced to assume the role of governors or otherwise work in tax collection.