Above is a graph that illustrates the relationship between how much Carbon 14 is left in a sample and how old it is.
Radiocarbon dating can easily establish that humans have been on the earth for over twenty thousand years, at least twice as long as creationists are willing to allow.
Libby invented carbon dating for which he received the Nobel Prize in chemistry in 1960.
The halflife of carbon 14 is 5730 ± 30 years, and the method of dating lies in trying to determine how much carbon 14 (the radioactive isotope of carbon) is present in the artifact and comparing it to levels currently present in the atmosphere.
Radiocarbon dating can be used on samples of bone, cloth, wood and plant fibers.
The half-life of a radioactive isotope describes the amount of time that it takes half of the isotope in a sample to decay.
When finding the age of an organic organism we need to consider the half-life of carbon 14 as well as the rate of decay, which is –0.693.
For example, say a fossil is found that has 35% carbon 14 compared to the living sample. We can use a formula for carbon 14 dating to find the answer.
They have their work cut out for them, however, because radiocarbon (C-14) dating is one of the most reliable of all the radiometric dating methods.
And so this would involve two half lives, which is the same thing as 2 times 5,730 years. You'd say this thing is 11,460 years old, give or take.
Carbon dating has given archeologists a more accurate method by which they can determine the age of ancient artifacts.
After one half life, it would have had 1/2 the carbon.
And then after another half life, half of that also turns into a nitrogen-14.