Many urban Seattle Indians were left displaced and jobless, taking up residence in Seattles Skid Road, a working class neighborhood around Pioneer Square that catered to transient workers.
Legally, being Native American is defined as being enrolled in a federally recognized tribe or Alaskan village.
Many American Indians who migrated from reservations to Seattle in search of work during the 20th century suffered a similar plight, living in deep poverty and enduring great difficulties adjusting to urban life.
These difficulties were often due to inadequacies in healthcare and education, unemployment, and being disconnected from their communities and cultures.
Contemporary individuals who are not enrolled in a tribe but are documented as having tribal descent are listed as being "of descent" from a tribe.
In 1970, an American Indian couple that had tried unsuccessfully to find work in Alaska arrived in Seattle to continue their search.